While expanding a current business or while venturing into new business, entrepreneurs are often faced with the dilemma of zeroing in on a suitable product/line. And before diversifying/venturing into any product, they wish to study the following aspects of the identified product:
- Good Present/Future Demand
- Export-Import Market Potential
- Raw Material & Manpower Availability
The report further establishes the regulatory framework of the industry. It encapsulates the status of the current legislation in the industry as well as the recent changes and developments in the regulations. The report also provides key player profiles along with key financials and comparison. The market research report shares vital information like shareholding pattern, revenue mix, plant location and financial summary of the key companies.
The market forecasts are developed on the basis of:
- Secondary Research
- Surveys One-on-one Interactions Databases
- Industry Sources
A market analysis is a quantitative and qualitative assessment of a market. It looks into the size of the market both in volume and in value, the various customer segments and buying patterns, the competition, and the economic environment in terms of barriers to entry and regulation. When assessing the size of the market, your approach will depend on the type of business you are selling to investors. If your business plan is for a small shop or a restaurant then you need to take a local approach and try to assess the market around your shop. If you are writing a business plan for a restaurant chain then you need to assess the market a national level.
Depending on your market you might also want to slice it into different segments. This is especially relevant if you or your competitors focus only on certain segments.
The target market is the type of customers you target within the market. For example, if you are selling jewellery you can either be a generalist or decide to focus on the high end or the lower end of the market. This section is relevant when your market has clear segments with different drivers of demand. In my example of jewels, value for money would be one of the drivers of the lower end market whereas exclusivity and prestige would drive the high end.
Now it is time to focus on the more qualitative side of the market analysis by looking at what drives the demand.
This section is very important as it is where you show your potential investor that you have an intimate knowledge of your market. You know why they buy!
Here you need to get into the details of the drivers of demand for your product or services. One way to look at what a driver is to look at takeaway coffee. One of the drivers for coffee is consistency. The coffee one buys in a chain is not necessarily better than the one from the independent coffee shop next door. But if you are not from the area then you don’t know what the independent coffee shop’s coffee is worth it. Whereas you know that the coffee from the chain will taste just like in every other shop of this chain. Hence most people on the move buy coffee from chains rather than independent coffee shops.
From a tactical point of view, this section is also where you need to place your competitive edge without mentioning it explicitly. In the following sections of your business plan, you are going to talk about your competition and their strengths, weaknesses and market positioning before reaching the Strategy section in which you’ll explain your own market positioning. What you want to do is prepare the reader to embrace your positioning and invest in your company.
To do so you need to highlight in this section some of the drivers that your competition has not been focusing on. A quick example for an independent coffee shop surrounded by coffee chains would be to say that on top of consistency, which is relevant for people on the move, another driver for coffee shop demand is the place itself as what coffee shops sell before most is a place for people to meet. You would then present your competition. And in the Strategy section explain that you will focus on locals looking for a place to meet rather than takeaway coffee and that your differentiating factor will be the authenticity and atmosphere of your local shop.
The aim of this section is to give a fair view of who you are competing against. You need to explain your competitors’ positioning and describe their strengths and weaknesses. You should write this part in parallel with the Competitive Edge part of the Strategy section.
The idea here is to analyze your competitor’s angle to the market in order to find a weakness that your company will be able to use in its own market positioning.
One way to carry the analysis is to benchmark your competitor against each of the key drivers of demand for your market (price, quality, add-on services, etc.) and present the results in a table.